必修一 Unit 4 Earthquakes
英 语 （一）
1. One day，the cow was eating grass ________ it began to rain heavily.
2. Since the plants took a while to grow，he started cutting down trees ________ (sell) the wood.
3．They saw by the light of the moon that part of the city lay in ________ (ruin)．
4．By now paramedics has arrived, and are attending to the ________ (injure) woman.
5．Works of art and priceless historical records ________ (destroy) last night.
6．It saddened Mila to read about those ________ (trap) in the stadium without food or water for five days.
7．________ (judge) from her mothers letter, she knew that the villagers were rebuilding their homes.
8．My holiday is ________ an end and I must go back to work tomorrow.
9．The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities ________ (be) rising steadily since 1990.
10．The water rose so fast that it seemed as ________ it would cover the whole house.
1. For me，the library as well as the courses explain Harvards place as the home of devoted scholars.
2. With the college Entrance Examination drawing near, I felt increasing anxious.
3. Judged from what he said just now, he must be an honest man.
4. He was on the point of starting out while Harran cut in.
5. As China develops fast and steadily, a number of foreigners is learning Chinese as a second language.
6. The little girl was so frightening that she burst out crying.
7. It was far from Beijing, where was more than 400 kilometers away.
8. It was a relief and I came to a suddenly stop just in the middle of the road.
9. When summer comes, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables!
10. We went to see our teacher which husband lost his life in the earthquake.
Last year, I was assigned to work at an office near my mothers house.__1__， I stayed with her for a month. During that time, I helped her out with the housework and contributed to the __2__.
After less than a week, I started to__3__ the groceries were running out pretty quickly.__4__， I began observing my mothers daily routine for two weeks. To my __5__， I found that she would pack a paper bag full of canned goods and __6__ every morning at about nine. She took the food to the slums (贫民窟) and distributed it to street __7__.
I asked around and __8__ my mom was popular in the area. The kids looked up to her as if she were their own mother. Then it hit me—why didnt she want to tell me about what shed been doing? Was she __9__ that I would stop buying the groceries if I knew the truth?
When she got home, I told her about my discovery and __10__ she could react, I gave her a big hug and told her she didnt need to keep it a __11__ from me. She told me that __12__ of the children lived with an old lady in a shelter while others __13__ on the streets. For years, my mom has been helping out by __14__ them whatever food she could __15__.I was so moved by how __16__ she was. She used what was __17__ for her to help others in need. And I was so __18__ of her.
I __19__ to buy groceries for my mom. But now, I always add a(n) __20__ bag for her other children.
1. A. However B. Moreover C. Therefore D. Otherwise
2. A. cans B. groceries C. goods D. bags
3. A. ignore B. understand C. complain D. notice
4. A. Confused B. Embarrassed C. Moved D. Annoyed
5. A. delight B. relief C. surprise D. regret
6. A. worked out B. headed out C. cleaned up D. got up
7. A. children B. strangers C. passersby D. artists
8. A. made sure B. let out C. pointed out D. found out
9. A. angry B. hopeless C. worried D. frightened
10. A. once B. before C. until D. after
11. A. secret B. surprise C. gift D. reminder
12. A. few B. all C. any D. some
13. A. lay B. ate C. slept D. played
14. A. giving B. collecting C. receiving D. selling
15. A. lend B. spare C. afford D. bring
16. A. curious B. ambitious C. faithful D. selfless
17. A. meant B. cooked C. borrowed D. sold
18. A. tired B. fond C. scared D. proud
19. A. refuse B. long C. continue D. agree
20. A. large B. extra C. beautiful D. empty
When Jack was a small boy, he was once asked to give a speech about “A Big Challenge in My Life”．To talk before the whole class, he was 1.________ (terrible) shy the moment he thought of so many eyes 2.________ (stare) at him. He had no other 3.________ (choose), though. First Jack was to draft the speech, which was just a piece of cake for him because he was a good writer. But the hard part 4.________ (lie) in his oral presentation, for it was not allowed to read from the paper. He had to give the speech 5.________ his memory and in front of such a big audience!
A real trial began when Jack stood on the platform with his legs trembling and his mind blank. He didnt know how much time had passed by. His listeners were still waiting patiently and without any signs of laughing. Gradually he found himself back, 6.________ (give) out his speech without much difficulty. After what seemed to be a hundred years, he found the audience applauding. He made 7.________！From then on, his fear of talking before the audience disappeared. Actually with his confidence 8.________ (build) up, Jack now turns out to be a great speaker. As we know, the greater difficulty we meet on our way to 9.________ (succeed), the 10.________ likely we will achieve our goals.
At your next meeting, wait for a pause in conversation and try to measure how long it lasts.
Among English speakers, chances are that it will be a second or two at most. But while this pattern may be universal, our awareness of silence differs dramatically across cultures. What one culture considers a confusing or awkward pause may be seen by others as valuable moment of reflection and a sign of respect for what the last speaker has said. Research in Dutch (荷兰语) and also in English found that when silence in conversation stretches to four seconds, people start to feel uneasy. In contrast, a separate study of business meetings found that Japanese people are happy with silence of 8.2 seconds—nearly twice as long as in American meetings.
In Japan, it is recognized that the best communication is when you dont speak at all. Its already a failure to understand each other by speaking because youre repairing that failure by using words.
In the U．S., it may originate from the history of colonial (殖民地的) America as a crossroads of many different races. When you have a couple of difference, its hard to establish common understanding unless you talk and theres understandably a kind of anxiety unless people are verbally engaged to establish a common life. This applies also to some extent to London.
In contrast, when theres more homogeneity, perhaps its easier for some kinds of silence to appear. For example, among your closest friends and family its easier to sit in silence than with people youre less well acquainted with.
1. Which of the following people might have the longest silence in conversation?
A. The Dutch. B. Americans. C. The English. D. The Japanese.
2．What might the Japanese agree with in conversation?
A. Speaking more gives the upper hand.
B. Speak out what you have in your mind.
C. Great minds think alike without words.
D. The shorter talking silence, the better.
3. What can we learn from the text?
A. A four second silence in conversation is universal.
B. Its hard for Americans to reach a common agreement.
C. English speakers are more talkative than Japanese speakers.
D. The closer we and our family are, the easier the silence appears.
4. What does the underlined word “homogeneity” in the last paragraph mean?
A. Similarity. B. Contradiction. C. Diversity. D. Misunderstanding.
必修一 Unit 4 Earthquakes
英 语（一）答 案
1.when 2.to sell 3.ruins 4.injured 5.were destroyed
6.trapped 7.Judging 8.at 9.has been 10.if
1.explain→explains 2.increasing→increasingly 3.Judged→Judging 4.while→when 5.is→are 6.frightening →frightened 7.where→which 8.suddenly→sudden 9.students后加to 10.which→whose
1-5 CBDAC 6-10 BADCB 11-15 ADCAB 16-20 DADCB
1. terribly 2.staring 3.choice 4.lay 5.from
6.giving 7.it 8.built 9.success 10.more
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